Petrol Prices Heading For Record High Of £5.40 Per Gallon

(Guardian) – MOTORISTS should brace for record high petrol prices this year as the cost of unleaded fuel surges to £1.20 a litre or more, according to research by the AA.

In a stark warning to consumers, the organisation says those struggling on tight budgets would be hard hit by the predicted price hike and has urged the chancellor, Alistair Darling, to postpone the introduction of a planned 3p hike in petrol duty, due on 1 April.

The average petrol price is currently just over £1.15 a litre, but the AA says pump prices could nudge £1.20 by next month – equivalent to over £5.40 a gallon – when the petrol levy is due to start.

Figures show the average petrol bill for a two-car family has already soared by £52 a month in the past year, to £245.

The AA’s president, Edmund King, said: “The UK is barely out of recession, yet petrol threatens to rise to record prices seen during the boom of 2008, shortly before the collapse into recession.

“If families, drivers on fixed incomes and those on low pay were unable to cope with prices then, they are even less likely now.” King attributed the increase to rises in the price of wholesale petrol since January.

Surging petrol prices will also hit supermarkets which have recently absorbed some of the cost of pump increases.

The RAC has joined calls for the government to hold back new fuel duty charges, saying petrol prices were well below the £1 a litre mark when the levy was announced in last year’s budget.

Lindsay Hoyle, Labour MP on the Commons business select committee, called the increase a “complete disgrace”.

Speaking to the Daily Telegraph, he said: “Yes, crude oil has gone up this year, but nothing like the rise in petrol prices. Motorists are being legally mugged at the forecourt by petrol companies.”

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Families Face Shock 20% Rise In Heating Bills

(Daily Mail) – FAMILIES face record winter gas bills averaging £360 as power companies reap a huge windfall from the big freeze.

The ‘big six’ energy suppliers have refused to pass on a steep fall in wholesale prices to customers.

They are collecting a profit bonanza of £846million in a single month by charging over the odds to keep homes warm.

Householders have had no choice but to turn up the heat to cope with the coldest spell in 30 years, with snow and ice blanketing the entire country.

Domestic demand for gas over the last month is predicted to be 60 per cent higher than in a normal winter.

This increased consumption will result in average bills of £360 for the three-month period from November through to the end of January, compared with £300 a year ago.

Greedy suppliers decided to reduce the tariff to customers by less than 10 per cent – even though the wholesale price of gas came down by some 60 per cent between 2008 and 2009.

Separately, heating oil companies, which provide fuel to thousands of rural communities, have been accused of putting up their prices by more than 50 per cent since November.

The evidence of apparent profiteering has brought calls from consumer groups and MPs for inquiries by both the Competition Commission and the Office of Fair Trading.

At the same time, there is a mounting clamour for a windfall tax from pensioner groups, Labour MPs, unions, think tanks and the Local Government Association, which represents councils from all parties.

Analysts at the TheEnergyShop.com suggest the bill in the coldest period over Christmas and New Year would have been at least £36 lower if suppliers had cut their prices by a further 10 per cent, as they easily could, before the winter began.

Multiplying this across the nation’s 23.5million households suggests the big six – British Gas, Scottish & Southern Energy (SSE), RWE nPower, Eon, EDF and Scottish Power – are making an extra £846million in a month.

British Gas is on course for a rise of more than 50 per cent in annual profits

SSE recently revealed a 36 per cent increase in profits for the period before the temperatures plummeted. UK suppliers owned by German, French and Spanish firms are enjoying a similar bonanza.

Andrew Hallett, energy expert at the official customer body, Consumer Focus, said: ‘As energy firms failed to fully pass on wholesale price cuts before winter they will be cashing in on the cold snap.

‘Consumers are paying over the odds for their increased heating needs, giving a profits boost to suppliers.’

Joe Malinowski, founder of TheEnergyShop.com, said: ‘This year’s record winter bills will come as a real shock to many people particularly when you consider that wholesale gas prices fell by over 30 per cent in 2009 and are 60 per cent lower than their 2008 peak.

‘In freezing conditions, turning down the heating is not always an option.’

Apart from the cost, there is a real threat to the health of elderly customers who are too scared to turn on their heating. It is feared the cold temperatures, which exacerbate many underlying health problems, could contribute to some 60,000 deaths.

The National Pensioners’ Convention said: ‘We know that energy firms are quick to put up prices yet very slow to bring in the reductions.

‘Energy companies, particularly in this cold winter, will be making huge profits out of very vulnerable customers. That raises the serious question as to whether they should pay money back through a windfall tax to fund things like home insulation.’

The Local Government Association has argued the need to raise an extra £500million a year for ten years from both oil and gas firms to fund a massive home insulation scheme.

Christine McGourty, director of Energy UK, which represents the major gas and electricity suppliers, rejected allegations of profiteering and advised anyone struggling with bills to contact the supplier for help.

She said much of the gas being used this winter was bought up to two years ago, when wholesale prices were higher.

Factories’ Gas Cut Off As Demand Soars

(Telegraph) – FACTORIES AND POWER STATIONS have started to have their gas turned off as Britain begins to run out amid the prolonged Arctic weather conditions.

The National Grid has withdrawn supplies to 94 “very large” gas customers across England, 55 in the East Midlands and 39 in the North West.

It is the first time in 11 years that gas supplies have been cut, and came as gas demand was expected to reach a record high of 454 million cubic metres on Thursday.

All the customers, which the National Grid said include “steelworks, power stations and very large factories”, are on what are known as interruptible contracts.

This means that in return for discounted gas they accept that their supplies can be temporarily cut off during periods of high demand.

A National Grid spokesman said the last time interruptible contracts were invoked was 1999.

She said many customers on interruptible contracts had backup generators, but those without them would have to shut down.

They also had the option of continuing their supply if they paid a financial penalty.

The National Grid asked gas suppliers to cut the 94 customers off on Tuesday and the disconnection will last until demand falls.

With little sign of any change in the weather soon, reconnection could be weeks away.

Maintaining domestic gas supplies was a “top priority”, the spokesman stressed.

Earlier this week the Conservatives claimed that Britain had only eight days’ gas supplies left, based on current usage.

And on Thursday the National Grid issued its second gas alert in four days amid freezing temperatures nationwide.

Britain has poor gas storage capacity: only 15 days’ worth when full, compared to more than four times that in France and Germany.

While imports will plug the gap, they are more expensive and analysts have warned they could lead to higher bills.

Already the average annual energy bill stands at £1,239 according to uswitch.com, a price comparison site.

David Hunter, of McKinnon and Clarke, an energy consultancy, has said the “uncomfortably tight” gas situation “might give the energy companies the excuse they need to increase prices.”

Frozen Britain May Run Short Of Gas

(Telegraph) – THE FREEZING WEATHER has raised fears that Britain could run short of gas after the National Grid issued only its second warning in 30 years over surging consumption.

Demand for gas – the fuel used to heat about two thirds of Britain’s homes – has risen to about 30 per cent above seasonal norms with Britain in the grip of one of its coldest winters for 100 years.

While it is unlikely that households will find their supplies restricted, a shortage could lead to higher bills.

The National Grid, responsible for meeting the country’s energy requirements issued a gas balancing alert yesterday to give warning that any further falls in supply could force big users like power plants to cut their consumption.

Extra gas supplies were rushed out to the liquefied natural gas importation terminal in Kent through pipelines in Belgium and Norway following the alert.

The National Grid said the risk of shortages had been temporarily averted by the influx. “Supplies of gas to the UK have increased following the issuing of a gas balancing alert today,” a spokesman said.

Unusually cold weather is set to continue over the next two weeks, and the National Grid has not ruled out sending out further supply warnings.

In the event of a serious shortage, big industrial consumers are expected to bear the brunt of gas consumption cuts to shield residential users who rely on the fuel to keep warm.

Petrol Prices Set For Major Rises In 2010

(Independent) – PETROL PRICES are set for a 5p-per-litre hike over the first three months of 2010, and potentially twice as much by the end of the year, a fuel retailers’ group is warning.

The possibility of a 10p-per-litre rise in 12 months is from tax and duty rises only, and does not take into account any rises in the oil price, says the RMI Independent Petrol Retailers Association.

Half of the most immediate 5p rise will be accounted for by the end of the VAT holiday on 1 January, taking the rate back up to 17.5 per cent. But there are also significant jumps in fuel duty planned for the coming year. At the start of April, fuel duty will go up in line with inflation, plus an extra 1p per litre – thanks to the re-introduction of the unpopular fuel price “escalator” in last year’s Budget. Further, the withdrawal of a duty incentive to refiners producing bio fuel will also likely be passed through to consumers as a further 1p per litre price rise.

The perilous state of the public finances raises the spectre of extra taxation. The further VAT hike, to 20 per cent, mooted in the City would add a further 2.5p per litre to petrol, and a snap post-election Budget could see duty pushed up by another 2p per litre. “With all of these duty and VAT factors considered, this will equate to a 5p per litre increase in fuel prices by the beginning of April 2010 with the possibility of up to a 10p per litre rise, solely from UK taxation, by the end of 2010,” the RMI says.

“Brace yourselves for higher fuel costs ahead,” said Brian Madderson, the chairman. “2009 has been a tough year for consumers and we are now looking at an even tougher year ahead.”